But the health experts suggest that this will not be a solution. Bee says people need a regular reliable source of food, and that we cannot rely on imported fruit and vegetables to provide perishable goods. If the source of food is the problem, then I would like to discuss my experience of growing up in regional NSW as a possible solution. Here the writer is using a personal Notice how this paragraph reflection.
The writer firstly evaluates the literature and also describes in and then analyses their leads the discussion into the next reflection relation to the topic and paragraph and topic in the essay. In my home town there were many fruit trees planted in the parks and along the streets. They were was planted during WWII as people feared there would be food shortages as a result of the War.
There are many different types of fruits - oranges, lemons, cherries, apples and pears. There is enough of a variety of fruits that there is always something in season. Our family will often walk down to the park to get our fruit, especially since fruit in the shops is so expensive. This is a very good skill and needed when using personal reflections. I also think it is nice in my town, that when you harvest fruit from a tree, you get the chance to talk to someone. Smith says that talking to people in your community has positive health benefits because people feel a sense of community.
So I think that the fruit trees in our town are not just good for our diets, but for community health as well. The conclusion! Notice how it summarises the discussion and reaffirms the thesis. It answers what the introduction says it will do.
The evidence suggests that as a result of this people are not eating as much fruit as they were five years ago. This change in how much fruit people are eating is having a negative impact on health as people are now being severely affected by things like the common cold.
I have suggested that planting fruit trees in parks and along the streets will change the source of food and give people a greater access to fruit and help reverse the negative health impacts we are seeing as a result of the perishable price hike. In American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 10 7 , Dan, J. Impact of diet on health. In Dietetics Australia, 34 5 , Doolan, C. The economics of Australia Farming. London, Sydney, New York: Routledge. Jones, P.
Food Security in Australia. The Market Gardeners Monthly, 32 6 , Leah, M. The agricultural sector on the move. Horticulture Australia, 78 4 , Manhood, J. Economics in Action. Sydney, Perth: Silverdale Publishing. Mike, W. Where to from here for our fruit producers? Fresh Produce Journal, 12 3 Murray, L. Australians on the brink. Economics Today, 12 1 Smith, G. The health benefits of community gardens. Psychology Today, 33 12 , If it is longer than one sentence, indent it.
For Many students struggle with example: the concept of referencing. In academic essays students Swann and Raphael state: must reference, not only The Aboriginal concept of health is holistic and encompasses direct quotes, but also ideas, mental health and physical, cultural and spiritual health. This and information they have concept does not just refer to the whole body, but is in fact summarised or steeped in harmonised inter relations which constitute paraphrased.
Crucially it must be understood that when the Useful words to use to refer harmony of these inter relations is disrupted, Aboriginal ill to what others write health will persist p They are not changed, so it is a direct quote. We do not use direct quotes a lot in academic writing States because the idea is to demonstrate that the student has understood Argues Discusses what the author is saying and can put it in their own words. Referencing Referencing provides Academic referencing includes in-text referencing and reference lists at students with supporting the end of the essay.
Information on this style is available through through. Essay Plan Introduction Stating what the essay will cover. Tables can be used in Educationalists say objectives are too general Angelo, Latham, Rice this way to develop Different stakeholders use information for different taxonomies. The student purposes Angelo has attached references to Impact on Negative Narrows curriculum lots of refs for this teaching and Teaching to tests lots of refs for this each section of the essay.
All students in these year levels are expected to participate in tests in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions spelling, grammar and punctuation and Numeracy in May each year. NAPLAN is not designed to test content, but to test skills in literacy and numeracy that are developed over time through the school curriculum. The Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority ACARA provides an expanded version of the primary objectives of NAPLAN: To provide the measure through which governments, education authorities, schools, teachers and parents can determine whether or not young Australians have the literacy and numeracy skills that provide the critical foundation for other learning and for their productive and rewarding participation in the community.
The tests provide parents and schools with an understanding of how individual students are performing at the time of the tests. They also provide schools, states and territories with information about how education programs are working and which areas need to be prioritised for improvement Senate Standing Committee on Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, , pp Furthermore they assert that how the information can be used is not clear.
The stakeholders such as the government education authorities, schools, teachers and parents, have different and sometimes conflicting views on the objectives of NAPLAN, and the use of its data.
For example, state systems might use NAPLAN data to justify widespread curriculum changes; regional systems to allocate resources to improve NAPLAN results; school principals to target individual teacher performance; parents to choose schools; and real estate agents to promote particular housing localities. One of the major criticisms of NAPLAN by teachers and schools is that the NAPLAN testing regime has an adverse impact on teaching and learning practices, with a narrowing of the curriculum as teachers teach to the tests.
For example, the research has found that things like the arts, drama and music are given less prominence in the curriculum because they are regarded as being further away from the main focus of the testing which is literacy Senate Interim Report, , p 8. Testing is done in May, and results are not available for four months. NAPLAN claims that it will improve school performance by identifying under-performing schools and teachers.
This notion seems to be based on the premise that if students are under-achieving, it is because of poor teaching, and once individual teachers have been identified, measures can be taken to improve their teaching, thus resulting in higher student achievement in NAPLAN tests. This is problematic because research has shown that many factors influence student learning, for example: socio-economic conditions and poverty; health issues; sociocultural and linguistic factors; student aspirations and learning needs; out-of-school learning experiences; and peer, family and community factors Harris et al.
The language and literacy demands of the tests have be found to be too high for students with first languages other than English, who often struggle to access the questions and complete the tests. Whether the student is progressing well at school i.
For Indigenous students living in remote communities, this means content and concepts are not 23 always accessible or relevant to them; for example, such as questions focussing on newsagency shops or cinemas that are not present in remote communities.
From this standpoint, NAPLAN is actually detrimental to the education of Indigenous students in remote communities, because it not only brands them as failures, but does not recognise the strengths they bring into the school based on their multi linguistic literacy abilities.
Many educators and academics for example, argue that the way that the NAPLAN test results appear on the My School website gives a very narrow picture of the school, with no information about the quality of the school in relation to important aspects of education such as social and cultural outcomes Harris et al. During this period, it has been highly controversial, and this essay has discussed some of the issues related to its use, including the lack of clarity about the objectives of NAPLAN; the impact of NAPLAN on teaching practices; the problems related to using NAPLAN as a formative assessment tool for teachers and schools; the cultural bias of the tests themselves; how NAPLAN does not acknowledge the strengths of Indigenous students; and the way that the data is used to produce league tables.
In conclusion, the issues discussed in this essay have been raised by academics and the popular press since the inception of NAPLAN. Essay References: Australian Bureau of Statistics. School enrolment by State or Territory.
Angelo, D. The effectiveness of the national assessment program - Literacy and numeracy Submission Freeman, L. Hamilton-Smith, S. SCORE: the coach approach to demand reading. Literacy Learning: the Middle Years, 18 3 , Harris, P. Hickey, C. High stakes testing: Driving us down the wrong road. Independent Education, 43 3 , Kostogriz, A. The ethical practice of teaching literacy: Accountability or responsibility?
Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, 36 2 , Ladwig, J. Professional voice, 8 1 , 35 Latham, G. The effectiveness of the national assessment program — Literacy and numeracy Submission 2.
Reid, A. The myschool myths. Effectiveness of the national assessment program — Literacy and numeracy interim report. Australian Educational Leader, 34 2 , Wu, M. Retrieved from www. Write great essays! Rolls, N. Communicating at University: Skills for success. Your thesis statement can allow you to establish originality. Since your academic essay can be based on your research findings and observations, your thesis statement can be your platform to specify what you have come up with.
Your thesis statement is one of the items that the audience will look at when referencing for credibility and validity. Academic essays need to have a strong initial impact on readers. This statement can help them be focused on a particular standpoint which can enlighten them about your views and opinions, and how these are essential to be considered. Your thesis statement can help your readers immerse in your academic essay. The material that you will be coming up with can be reviewed by different people.
Depending on the field of education where you are currently in, you need to make sure that your readers can see patterns of evidence presented so they can clearly see how you were able to generate and come up with insights.
Fresh Produce Journal, 12 3
Describe how this could potentially be viewed as part of a strategy across a number of levels to systematically lift the cultural competency of mainstream health services. It gives the student a clear picture of how to Cost of structure their essay, Personal Good fresh and which supporting experience — source of fruit councils plant arguments go with vitamin C fruit trees which main argument. Doing this will the essay topic. The effectiveness of the national assessment program - Literacy and numeracy Submission Outline characteristics of camels and then, examining their predicted long term effects on other animals of and the tourist industry.
Crucially it must be understood that when the Useful words to use to refer harmony of these inter relations is disrupted, Aboriginal ill to what others write health will persist p
Text 2 Introduction: Must have clear thesis statement aligned organisation to body of essay Many students believe that and essay structure 2 Body of essay: Must be well structured, have cohesive having an essay free of paragraphs, and flow well. Bee says people need a regular reliable source of food, and that we cannot rely on imported fruit and vegetables to provide perishable goods. The ethical practice of teaching literacy: Accountability or responsibility? Depending on the field of education where you are currently in, you need to make sure that your readers can see patterns of evidence presented so they can clearly see how you were able to generate and come up with insights. Many educators and academics for example, argue that the way that the NAPLAN test results appear on the My School website gives a very narrow picture of the school, with no information about the quality of the school in relation to important aspects of education such as social and cultural outcomes Harris et al.
Effectiveness of the national assessment program — Literacy and numeracy interim report.
Freeman, L. What does the lecturer want Argue: If you are asked to argue, you need to systematically support or in the essay?
Critique: A critique is where you identify and discuss both the positive Help the student unpack the and negative aspects of a topic. Furthermore they assert that how the information can be used is not clear.
Formatting 5 Formatting as requested. Because there is data available only on the effects of camels on Scope kangaroos and koala bears, these are the only animals that will be discussed. Angelo, D.
For beginning they are asked for a essay writers it is good to write the introduction first to ensure that personal reflection. The material that you will be coming up with can be reviewed by different people. This change in how much fruit people are eating is having a negative impact on health as people are now being severely affected by things like the common cold. Outline and analyse the key components of a framework for health professionals to engage in effective and respectful communication with Indigenous peoples, especially in regards to the delivery of health services. Just because you have already done an initial thesis statement does not mean that you are going to fully stick with it until the end of your writing. I have suggested that planting fruit trees in parks and along the streets will change the source of food and give people a greater access to fruit and help reverse the negative health impacts we are seeing as a result of the perishable price hike.