One thing should we all remember that when the path we embarked is new and the challenges mighty , mistakes do happen and with this spirit India acknowledged its blunder and corrected it by abstaining in the next vote!. After the initial euphoria created by the july 18 deal , few of our intellectuals started dreaming rightly that India is on the verge of becoming a superpower. They fell aghast when new conditions started creeping in. The MAY 2nd agreement attempeted to fix the goalposts and remove any kind of vague discrepancies.
At this juncture credit is due to all the negotitators especially Mr. Narayan , principal advisor to the Govt. Of India. They have bargained hard , baragined tough and bragained right and sqeezed the deal right trough the nose of hardliners like Mr. NicholasBurns under sec. We were elated. Usa is treating us like " Partners ". We are getting Full Nuclear Co-operation. Full means Full Sir! Our fast breeder test reactors are safe , they will never enter into the magnifying glasses of the foriegn inspectors.
But all great things face stiff chalanges. In simple words I would like to put it in this way " A 3 page document became 60 pages legal book "! It contains many passages , references and uncalled for conditions that has put a dampner on the deal. India should not conduct a nuclear test! India does not have the right to recyle and reprocessing of the spent fuel.
India mastered the art of reprocessing in mid 80's. A rational answer is awaited! So with all the above due considerations to the Jack Hyde Indo - Usa nuclear act , one should be holistic in one s approch before we jump to any conclusions. Indian negotiators state that the Act is not binding on India as it is a American domestic law. Senate rejected an amendment that would require U.
The deal does not explicitly impose that condition, though it is part of a law known as the Hyde Act , which gave the deal preliminary approval. What effect will the U. It could gut the agreement, some experts say. Article I of the treaty says nations that possess nuclear weapons agree not to help states that do not possess weapons to acquire them.
In addition, it could lead other suppliers-including Russia and China-to bend the international rules so they can sell their own nuclear technology to other countries, some of them hostile to the United States.
On the other hand, experts like Gahlaut argue the NPT was already failing in its mission to prevent proliferation. What role does China play in the U. It is a motivating factor in the deal, some experts say.
The Bush administration is "hoping that latching onto India as the rising star of Asia could help them handle China," Sokolski says. Some experts say the growing economic relationship between China and India is so critical to New Delhi that its interests in China cannot be threatened or replaced by any agreement with the United States. Other experts worry U. What effect will the deal have on U. Pakistan has not received a similar deal on nuclear energy from Washington.
Some experts say this apparent U. For the last 25 years, India was excluded from the group of countries who signed NPT thus the co-operation between India and USA was limited or say they were not as close as they need. Today, India commands a respectable position in the world and emerging as a super economic power so, ignoring him can make the USA feel uneasy.
India, for not signing the NPT, was barred from any civilian use nuclear technology and materials. By signing Nuclear Deal with India, the co-operation between India and USA would take a new positive turn and would reach to the best heights so far in the history. Economic Benefits to US If India sets up 10 large size nuclear power plants, which is its intent in next 15 years, India will import technology and hardware from US for these projects.
Fund for these installations will come to India either in form of FDI or soft and commercial loans. In return India will pay it back with goods and services export, in the same way China did it for the past 25 years.
It is a win-win situation for the USA and India. Another example of emerging Indo-US co-operation is in the area of aerospace industry. Another big order for military planes is on the way. The high tech manufacturing industry is at a take off stage in India. This sector together with IT services and BPO will power the US industry and businesses into higher profitability and help India accelerate its growth.
US are looking for a low cost supplier that could be an alternative to China. Political Benefits to US India as a strategic partner in ensuring safety of sea-lanes of the Indian Ocean is very valuable. A major regional power, with a different outlook than the European and the US is needed to cool the tempers off.
India has to step in to prevent further sliding of the Middle East into anarchy. These today are unprotected. Pirates in the Red Sea and at the Malacca Straits prey on commerce. Indian co-operation will be helpful in keeping the sea-lanes free.
This is not the view of Indian policy makers who believe that a constructive engagement with China is more beneficial and not linked to any military or strategic relationship with USA. What does India get out of the Deal? India will surely benefit immensely from this deal. First and foremost, is the de-facto recognition of India as a nuclear power? India has tried this in last three years.
It has not succeeded.The responses and reactions are myriad. Ranging from ultra nationalistic to neo- accomadativethe deal has brought forward various cerebral images and thought process to the fore. The writing reactionwriting say it was knee jerk of the left parties was that its comprimising our national pride and our non aligned essay policy. The right george too india its own reservations about the July 18 Indo-Usa Deal deal. After nerve -wrecking bargainingand ample number of assurances by our policy india and clarifications to the Parliament by mba Prime Minister essays, and essay into confidence our nuclear scientific communityIndia with a lofty visionmarched forward crossing nuclear past non-productive nuclearwith a new pardigm shift in its approach towards washington both deal its extended neighbourhood writers also at the broad world stage. It forged a new dynamicvibrantessay writing structure for ielts philippines relationship with the only super power of the planet The USA.
.As per the international norms, in case of any accident, the Indian government would have to pay heavy damages because all the nuclear plants in the country are run by the state-owned Nuclear Power Corporation of India NPCIL. In particular, portions of the agreement dealing with guaranteeing India a fuel supply or allowing India to maintain a strategic reserve of nuclear fuel appear to be diametrically opposed to what the Indian parliament was led to expect from the agreement: Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's statement in parliament is totally at variance with the Bush Administration's communication to the House Foreign Affairs Committee, which says India will not be allowed to stockpile such nuclear fuel stocks as to undercut American leverage to re-impose sanctions. Although no Indian analyst, let alone a policy maker, has ever advocated any nuclear inventory that even remotely approximates such numbers, this heuristic exercise confirms that New Delhi has the capability to produce a gigantic nuclear arsenal while subsisting well within the lowest estimates of its known uranium reserves. Those guidelines condition such exports on comprehensive safeguards by the International Atomic Energy Agency , which are designed to verify that nuclear energy is not diverted from peaceful use to weapons programs. Our scientists are on the doorstep in finding the required technology to convert this inert thoruim into fissile energy producing thorium.
The agreement takes unnecessary risks without adequate preparation or expert review. Congress and by Indian cabinet ministers. The outcome is two fold Markey, co-chairman of the House Bipartisan Task Force on Non-proliferation, said that there needed to be clear consequences if India broke its commitments or resumed nuclear testing.
The MAY 2nd agreement attempeted to fix the goalposts and remove any kind of vague discrepancies. Already the goal posts are shifted. If India cannot agree to such terms, it suggests that India is not serious about its nuclear test moratorium pledge. We lose knowledge and expertise in becoming self - suffiecient in nuclear energy. Subrahmanyam , also known for his long and controversial championing of an Indian nuclear deterrent. Reports have suggested that US-based companies such as Westinghouse are also keen to export to India.
Both these extreme assessments are not merely exaggerations but also fundamentally erroneous. The Hyde Act cannot be binding on India's sovereign decisions although it can be construed as prescriptive for future U. It is a bit expensive up front but pays dividend later as India joins the select group of countries as a source of military hardware. As professor Brahma Chellaney, an expert in strategic affairs and one of the authors of the Indian Nuclear Doctrine,  explained: While the Hyde Act's bar on Indian testing is explicit, the one in the NSG waiver is implicit, yet unmistakable. Other experts say the two countries, both admittedly now nuclear, could be forced to deal more cautiously with each other. Bush signed the Hyde Act into law.
Ronen Sen besides a large gathering of other dignitaries. What effect will the U. Congress and by Indian cabinet ministers. Some Indian nuclear experts are protesting what they see as excessive U.
In its eagerness to please the US, if the Congress-led UPA could not even remember its own slain leader, it is scarcely surprising that it has totally ignored the commitment made in the Common Minimum Programme to make efforts towards this goal which the Left and the Peace Movement in India take very seriously indeed. While the deal does not require a formal vote by the parliament, the coalition government has faced a confidence vote over it. Also, in November , former Indian Military chiefs, bureaucrats and scientists drafted a letter to Members of Parliament expressing their support for the deal. It is a bit expensive up front but pays dividend later as India joins the select group of countries as a source of military hardware. Given the restrictions on supply of nuclear materials by the Nuclear Suppliers Group, sourcing of heavy water from Russia, the mainstay of most nuclear power plants in India, has also become highly problematic. The IAEA said it will begin to implement the new agreement in , with the aim of bringing fourteen Indian reactors under agency safeguards by
India and the US on 10th October, , Friday, operationalised the nuclear deal by signing the Agreement. Fukushima disaster led many countries rethink their nuclear ambitions. We lose energy. Siegfried S. India is one of the counties that is part of the gobal endeavour to master nuclear fusion technologies. No, it absolutely does not.
Obstacles to the Agreement In order to materialize, the deal had to go through many stages in various agencies including an amendment of the domestic of law of the US, an agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA, the international nuclear watchdog , waiver from Nuclear Supplier Groups NSG, a cartel of nuclear materials , apart from facing various protests from different parties like left, BJP etc. Siegfried S. Fund for these installations will come to India either in form of FDI or soft and commercial loans. In addition, it could lead other suppliers-including Russia and China-to bend the international rules so they can sell their own nuclear technology to other countries, some of them hostile to the United States. This source has to be diversified. Conclusion Thanks to diplomatic and political skills of President Bush and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, we have a deal which could lift India into the trillion-dollar club, faster.